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On The Communist Manifesto - In English

Link collection with bibliographical and historical materials + contemporary analysis of the political importance of the Manifesto today.

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In English
Bibliographical materials etc

Bibliographical material etc.

’Marx and Engels’ Communist Manifesto’: A Reader’s Guide
By Peter Lamb (London and New York, Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, 192 p.)
"Introducing the most famous work of the nineteenth-century radical thinkers Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, this comprehensive reader’s guide to the Communist Manifesto explores the key themes, ideas and issues of the revolutionary pamphlet."
Review by Garrett Pierman (Marx & Philosophical Review of Books, 24 July 2015)

01.01.CM – collection of the Museum of Ordure (Aarhus, Antipyrine, 2014, 272 p.)
"This new book presents over 100 covers of The Communist Manifesto, compiled from the Museum of Ordure’s collection. The book is turned inside out to draw attention to its material form and historical conditions: the covers have fascinating stories to tell of hopes and anticipated futures ..."

Manifesto of the Communist Party and its genesis
(Marxists Internet Archive Publication, 2010, 116 p.)
"This edition includes all the prefaces published during Marx & Engels’ life times as well as the first draft of the Manifesto: ’The Principles of Communism’ etc. The collection provides the reader with a first-hand account of the genesis of the founding ideas of communism, and allows the reader to see the relation between the development of the workers’ movement itself and the theories which give voice to that movement."

The Communist Manifesto
Edited, with introduction and afterword, by Phil Gasper (Chicago, Haymarket Books, 2005, 221 p.)
"A road map to history’s most important political document. Includes the full text of the Manifesto, commentaries, annotations, and additional works by Marx and Engels."
See also:
- Phil Gasper: The meaning of the Manifesto (Socialist Worker, US, Issue 566, November 18, 2005)
Manifestly relevant. Review article by Jen Roesch (International Socialist Review, Issue 45, January–February 2006)

The Adventures of the Communist Manifesto
By Hal Draper (Berkeley, Center for Socialist History, 1994/2004, 352 p.)
"A new translation, publishing history (1848-1895), and textual analysis of the most influential revolutionary document of all time. This edition includes parallel texts for ease of cross-reference. The text are: 1) The original 1848 German text; 2) the 1850 translation by Helen Macfarlane; 3) the authorized English translation of 1888; the new English version."
Contents (p.i-x)
Preface (p.1-3)
See also:
Review by Chris Matthews (Revolutionary History, Vol.6, No.4, 1997)
Notes from the Editors (Monthly Review, Vol.55, No.5, October 2003). Scroll down.

Socialist Register
- Rob Beamish: The making of the Manifesto (pdf) (1998, p.218-239)
"What the inside story of the making of the Communist Manifesto shows is that while the document was drafted in its final form by Karl Marx, and the final credit for its organization and rhetorical style is due to him, the content and message of the Manifesto were really the product of an extended, intense, but open debate among committed communist-internationalists."

Birth of the Communist Manifesto
Edited and annotated, with an introduction by Dirk J. Struik (New York, International Publishers, 1971, 224 p.)
"With full text of the Manifesto, all prefaces by Marx and Engels, early drafts by Engels and other supplementary materiel."
- Chapter II: The intellectual ferment (p.25-42). About the situation in Europe which led up to the publication of the Communist Manifesto in 1848.

Marxists Internet Archive
- Marx & Engels: Manifesto of the Communist Party (February 1848)
- Appendix: Prefaces to various language editions
- An earlier draft by Frederick Engels: Principles of Communism (November 1847)
Study Guide for Communist Manifesto
The Story of the ’Communist Manifesto’. By Max Beer (The Labour Monthly, August 1921)

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Communist Manifesto


Against the Current
- Symposium: The 150th anniversary of the Communist Manifesto (No.72, January/February 1998, 16 p.)
"To commemorate this anniversary and assess the Manifesto’s enduring meaning, we selected telling and time-tested phrases from the Manifesto, arranged in topical sets, and paired each passage with a writer we thought particularly qualified to address the issue posed. The result, as we hope readers will agree, is a spirited, compelling demonstration of the enduring relevance of Marxism after 150 years, conducted without piety or self-satisfaction."
- Christopher Phelps: Revisiting the Communist Manifesto (p.1)
- Ellen Meiksins Wood: Politics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 1 (p.1-2)
- Johanna Brenner and Bill Resnick: Politics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 2 (p.2-4)
- David Finkel: Politics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 3 (p.4-5)
- Nancy Holmstrom: Politics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 4 (p.5-6)
- Staughton Lynd: History, Culture and the Communist Manifesto, Part 1 (p.6-7)
- Eleni Varikas: History, Culture and the Communist Manifesto, Part 2 (p.8-9)
- Howard Brick: History, Culture and the Communist Manifesto, Part 3 (p.9-10)
- Anwar Shaikh: Economics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 1 (p.10-11)
- Jane Slaughter: Economics and the Communist Manifesto, Part 2 (p.11-12)
- Stephanie Coontz: Gender and the Communist Manifesto (p.12-13)
- Robin D.G. Kelley: Race and the Communist Manifesto (p.14-15)
- John Bellamy Foster: Nature and the Communist Manifesto (p.15-16)

Australian Marxist Review
- Theme: Commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Manifesto of the Communist Party (No.39, February 1998)
With articles by Dirk Struik, Peter Symon, Eddie Clynes, Audrey Johnson, Erna Bennett and R H Tawney.
- Paul Sweezy and Leo Huberman: The Communist Manifesto after 100 years (1949) (No.38, November 1997)

The Communist Manifesto
Introduction by Eric Hobsbawm (Verso, 1998, p.1-30)
Excerpt from Hobsbawms introduction.
"Here Eric Hobsbawm in his introduction to a new modern edition of The Communist Manifesto discusses ’the lapidary sentences and memorable metaphors’ which make it a work of great literature and an analysis of capital which, 150 years after its first publication, is still highly pertinent today."

The Communist Manifesto: A flawed pamphlet (No. 2, 1998)
"A mixture of acceptable reasons, bad justifications and clumsy demands, politically rather misleading - but still better than its modern good reputation."

In Defence of Marxism
- Rob Sewell: Marx and the Communist Manifesto (February 1998)
"In this article Rob Sewell describes the process of production of the Communist Manifesto, its adoption by the Communist League and its actual publication."
- Alan Woods: A Manifesto for the 21st Century : 150 years of the Communist Manifesto (November 1997)
"If we examine any bourgeois book written one and a half century ago about the same subjects, it will rapidly become clear that such a work will be merely of historical interest, with no the slightest practical application. However, the present work provides us with a profound analysis which, in an amazingly small amount of words, provides a brilliant explanation of the most fundamental phenomena which occupy our attention on a world scale at the present time."

International Socialism
- John Rees: The return of Marx? (Issue 79, Summer 1998, p.3-11)
"150 years after its first publication there are 14 different editions of The Communist Manifesto now in print in Britain alone. Last year 80,000 copies of just one of these editions were sold. In an extended editorial John Rees examines the revival of interest in Marx among media pundits and academics and assesses what this means for the working class movement."
- Lindsay German: Reflections on The Communist Manifesto (Issue 79, Summer 1998, p.13-40)
"The Manifesto was written during the revolutionary years of the 1840s, and in a major article Lindsey German examines these revolutions and explains the Manifesto’s continuing relevance for understanding and changing the world today."

International Socialist Review
- Phil Gasper: A Manifesto for today (Issue 5, Fall 1998, p.18-25)
"Almost a quarter of a century after the Manifesto’s first publication, Marx and Engels wrote in a new preface that while ’[h]ere and there some detail might be improved’, the basic ideas of the Manifesto retained their relevance ... I will try to explain why today that judgment remains essentially correct. It is easy enough to comb through the Manifesto to find the occasional rhetorical exaggeration, mistake or failed prediction. But its ’general principles’ - and above all its call for revolutionary change - are if anything even more relevant to the world at the end of the twentieth century than they were in the middle of the nineteenth."

International Viewpoint
- Michael Löwy: The Communist Manifesto 160 years later (Issue 406, November 2008)
Review of Pluto Press’ new edition.
- Paresh Chattopadhyay: The place of the Communist Manifesto in the elaboration of the Marxian idea of the post-capital (1998)
"In the text that follows we argue that the basic Marxian ideas concerning the type of society supposed to follow the demise of capitalism are contained in the Manifesto in a condensed form. Accordingly, the first section offers an outline of what type of society the Manifesto envisages for the future as well as the conditions necessary for its appearance while the second section relates these ideas to Marx’s other texts."
- Cyril Smith: The Communist Manifesto after 150 years (1998)
"At the end of the twentieth century, when we pick up a text like the Manifesto, we already have in our minds what ’everybody knows’ about it. Before we even glance at its pages, distorting spectacles have been placed on our noses by the tradition known as ’Marxism’. Even today, Stalinism’s obscene misuse of the word ’communism’ colours everything we read."

Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal
- Doug Enaa Greene: The Communist Manifesto: A weapon of war (September 16, 2016)
"For generations of workers, socialists and communists, whether in factories, manning the barricades, students, guerrillas in the jungles and hills, the Communist Manifesto was, and remains, a weapon of war."

Marx & Philosophy Review of Books
- Sean Sheehan: The Cambridge Companion to the Communist Manifesto (19 February 2016). Review of James Farr and Terrell Carver’s (eds.) book (Cambridge University Press, 2015, 298 p.)
"This is a valuable collection of essays that offers a diverse set of readings and insights into one of the most explosively affective short texts ever written. The volume includes a new translation into English of the first edition of 1848 as well as the earliest English translation by Helen Macfarlane that appeared only two years later."

Monthly Review
- Paul M. Sweezy: The Communist Manifesto today (Vol.50, No.1, May 1998, p.8-10)
"I’ve probably read the Communist Manifesto a dozen times, more or less. But it never struck me as old hat. It was always worth reading again. So I thought that in preparation for this panel, I should read it once more, this time with special attention to insights and formulations that seem particularly relevant to the problems we face in the world as the twenty-first century approaches."
- Harry Magdoff: A note on the Communist Manifesto (Vol.50, No.1, May 1998, p.11-13)
"Probably the passage in the Communist Manifesto most frequently cited these days is a portrayal of the global spread of capitalism."
- Ellen Meiksins Wood: The Communist Manifesto after 150 years (Vol.50, No.1, May 1998, p.14-35)
"Nothing could give more convincing testimony to the genius of the Manifesto than the energy that has been expended in attacking it. So while we have to remember the particular purposes for which it was written and the very specific historical context in which it emerged, it seems not so unreasonable after all to judge it in much larger terms."
- Michael Löwy: Globalization and internationalism: How up-to-date is the Communist Manifesto? (Vol.50, No.6, November 1998, p.16-27)
"In many respects, the Manifesto is not merely up-to-date - it is even more relevant today than it was 150 years ago."
Notes from the Editors (Vo.55, No.5, October 2003)
"Did not Marx himself in The Communist Manifesto, it is frequently asked, refer to ’the idiocy of rural life’?"

The Nation
- Marshall Berman: What does ‘The Communist Manifesto’ have to offer 150 years after its publication? (March 23, 2015/May 11, 1998)
"The nineties began with the mass destruction of Marx effigies. It was the “postmodern” age: We weren’t supposed to need big ideas."

New International
- Leon Trotsky: Ninety years of the Communist Manifesto (Vol.IV, No.2, February 1938)
"The error of Marx and Engels with regard to historical delays flowed in part from the underestimation of the subsequent possibilities inherent in capitalism, and in another part from the overestimation of the revolutionary maturity of the proletariat."

New Politics
- Symposium: The relevance of Marxism on the 150th anniversary of The Communist Manifesto (Vol. VI, No. 4, Winter 1998, Whole No. 24, p.46-177)
- Julius Jacobson: Introduction
"What better time to review the crisis of Marxism than the 150th Anniversary of The Communist Manifesto? In the symposium that follows there are diverse, even conflicting views. That is as planned. Our objective was not to present merely the opinions shared by most members of our editorial board (though not all of us are of a single mind on all relevant problems) but rather to have a discussion and exchange of opinions within the left."
- Murray Bookchin: The Communist Manifesto: Insights and problems (p.69-76)
- John Ehrenberg: Beyond civil society (p.83-89)
- Nancy Fraser: A future for Marxism (p.95-98)
- Paul Robeson, Jr.: Communism or ’Socialism’? A return to Marx and Engels (p.172-177)

Political Studies
- Y. Wagner and M. Strauss: The programme of the Communist Manifesto and its theoretical foundations (Vol.17, No.4, December 1969, p.470-484). Only first page online.
"The Communist Manifesto contains a programme of action which, far from being a frontal attack upon the whole of the bourgeoisie and the capitalist mode of production, regards cooperation with a section of the bourgeoisie and the continued operation of certain aspects of the capitalist system as compatible with the early stages of the transition to socialism."

Reading Communist Manifesto
(Calicut, Black Pepper Books, November 2013, 191 p.)
Collection of essays by Cyril Smith, p.1-28 (1998) + Ellen Meiksins Wood, p.29-56 (Monthly Review, 1998) + Harry Magdoff, p.57-60 (Monthly Review, 1998) + Paul M. Sweezy, p.61-63 (Monthly Review, 1998) + Colin Lloyd, p.64-89 (Permanent Revolution, 1998) + Lew Higgins, p.90-97 (Socialist Standard, 1998) + Gegenstandpunkt, p.98-144 (1998) + Leon Trotsky, p.145-157 (1937) + Pablo Guadarrarna Gonzalez, p.158-191 (Marx Ahora, 2003)

Science & Society
- Roman Rosdolsky: The Workers and the Fatherland (Vol. 29, No.3, Summer 1965)
"A note on a passage in the ’Communist Manifesto’."
The article in Swedish: Arbetarna och fäderneslandet (Marxists Internet Archive, Svenska arkivet)

Socialist Register
- Theme: The Communist Manifesto Now
 (1998, 268 p.)
"The 150th anniversary of the Cornrnunist Manifesto provides the occasion for a powerful set of essays that draw on the Manifesto’s legacy to analyse working class responses today to the growing exhaustion of neo­liberalism and that contribute to setting a left agenda for the new millenium. The volume also features brilliant essays on the making of the Manifesto, plus a reprint of the Manifesto and a reproachful letter to Marx from a socialist-­feminist."
With articles from Sheila Rowbotham, Colin Leys & Leo Panitch, David Harvey, Sam Gindin, Sheila Cohen & Kim Moody, Peter Gowan, Bernard Moss, John Bellamy Foster, Peter Osborne, Paul Thomas and Rob Beamish.

Socialist Studies
- Alan Sears: Good Marx for striking students? (Socialist Studies, Vol.8, No.2, Autumn 2012, p.215-220). Review of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto Illustrated, [Chapter 1-2]. Edited, introduced and reimagined by George S. Rigakos. Illustrated by Red Viktor (Red Quill Books, 2010-2011, 32 + 34 p.)

Socialist Worker (UK)
- Jack Farmer: The Communist Manifesto: speaking to modern times (Issue 2221, 2 October 2010)
"Not all ... is applicable today. After all, Marx and Engels were arguing in part against other socialist currents that no longer exist. But the centre of their argument remains true—that workers themselves can transform society."

Socialist Worker (US)
- Anthony Arnove: The Communist Manifesto (Issue 645, September 21, 2007)
"Anthony Arnove describes the ideas contained in Karl Marx and Frederick Engels’ classic, and why it remains a crucial document today."
- Todd Chretien: The Communist Manifesto (Issue 666, March 21, 2008)
"Consider how relevant the Communist Manifesto reads on issues in the headlines today: sexism, nationalism, racism and war etc."
- Phil Gasper: The meaning of the Manifesto (Issue 566, November 18, 2005)
"Can a book published over 150 years ago still be relevant to understanding and changing the world today? Phil Gasper about the continuing importance of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels’ most famous work."

Trotskyist International
- Colin Lloyd: 150 years of the Communist Manifesto (No. 23, January-June 1998, p.16-23; online at
"1998 marks the 150th anniversary of the Communist Manifesto. Issued on the eve of Europe’s first co-ordinated wave of revolutionary struggles it remains an unparalleled exposition of the theory and practice of scientific socialism."
- Tariq Ali: Introduction to ’The Communist Manifesto’ (21 February 2017)
"In this introduction to the new edition Tariq Ali contextualises the period—the eve of the 1848 revolutions—in which Marx and Engels penned their masterpiece and argues that it desperately needs a successor."
Eric Hobsbawm’s Introduction to the 2012 Edition of Marx & Engels ’The Communist Manifesto’ (1 October 2015)
"In commemoration of the death of renowned scholar and Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm, Verso presents his introduction to the most recent edition of Marx & Engels ’The Communist Manifesto’ for all to enjoy."

Workers Liberty
- Sean Matgamna: The Communist Manifesto and the Russian Revolution (Issue 44, January 1998, p.37-44)
"150 years on from the Communist Manifesto, the spectre that haunts the collective imagination of Europe and the world is not the looming prospect of communism, but the experience of ’communism’, that is, Stalinism."

1847: Manuscript, only remaining page of the first draft, in Marx’s handwriting
Source: International Institute of Social History: 49 The Communist Manifesto. With links to articles.


Gaia: tidsskrift for international solidaritet (nr.81, forår 2017, 31 s.). Kvartalstidsskrift online med artikler om Trump og nyliberalismen, Etiopien, Cuba, Filippinerne, Israel og Columbia.

Against the Current (Issue 188, May-June 2017). Amerikansk socialistisk tidsskrift online med artikler bl.a. om Trumps politik, Latinamerikas højredrejning, Den Russiske Revolution og arbejderdemokrati + mange boganmeldelser.

Kritisk Debat (17. april 2017). Online med 16 artikler, bl.a. om Socialdemokraterne og højrepopulismen, Latinamerika, Frankrig, Indien, samt en længere artikel af Göran Therborn om ulighedens dynamik (fra New Left Review).

International Socialism (Issue 154, Spring 2017, 223 p.). Britisk kvartalstidsskrift online med artikler bl.a om Donald Trump og den neoliberalistiske verdensorden, antisemitisme og højrefløjen, den russiske revolution og Lenins April-teser, klasseanalyse, Frantz Fanon, Engels og menneskets forhistorie + boganmeldelser.

Se også:
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Vi oplevede også i 1960´erne og 1970´erne at blive kaldt antiamerikanske, fordi vi protesterede mod USA's krigsførelse i Vietnam. Men vi fik inspirationen til vores protest fra amerikanere. Vi lyttede til Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Simon & Garfunkel og læste Jack Kerouac, William Faulkner og Mary McCarthy.

Mogens Lykketoft. Om forholdet mellem Europa og USA, tidsskriftet Ræson nr. 1 2002.

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